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The input and outcomes included in this report are based on the following “Building Blocks”, outlined
by US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack.
  • Soil Health: Improve soil resilience and increase productivity by promoting conservationtillage and no-till systems, planting cover crops, planting perennial forages, managing organic inputs and compost application, and alleviating compaction. For example, the effort aims to
    increase the use of no-till systems to cover more than 100 million acres by 2025.
  • Nitrogen Stewardship: Focus on the right timing, type, placement and quantity of nutrients
    to reduce nitrous oxide emissions and provide cost savings through efficient application.
  • Livestock Partnerships: Encourage broader deployment of anaerobic digesters, lagoon
    covers, composting, and solids separators to reduce methane emissions from cattle, dairy, and
    swine operations, including the installation of 500 new digesters over the next 10 years.
  • Conservation of Sensitive Lands: Use the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and the
    Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) to reduce GHG emissions through
    riparian buffers, tree planting, and the conservation of wetlands and organic soils. For
    example, the effort aims to enroll 400,000 acres of lands with high greenhouse gas benefits
    into the Conservation Reserve Program.
  • Grazing and Pasture Lands: Support rotational grazing management on an additional 4
    million acres, avoiding soil carbon loss through improved management of forage, soils and
    grazing livestock.
  • Private Forest Growth and Retention: Through the Forest Legacy Program and the
    Community Forest and Open Space Conservation Program, protect almost 1 million
    additional acres of working landscapes. Employ the Forest Stewardship Program to cover an
    average of 2.1 million acres annually (new or revised plans), in addition to the 26 million acres
    covered by active plans.
  • Stewardship of Federal Forests: Reforest areas damaged by wildfire, insects, or disease, and
    restore forests to increase their resilience to those disturbances. This includes plans to
    reforest an additional 5,000 acres each year.
  • Promotion of Wood Products: Increase the use of wood as a building material, to store
    additional carbon in buildings while offsetting the use of energy from fossil fuel.
  • Urban Forests: Encourage tree planting in urban areas to reduce energy costs, storm water
    runoff, and urban heat island effects while increasing carbon sequestration, curb appeal, and
    property values. The effort aims to plant an additional 9,000 trees in urban areas on average
    each year through 2025.
  • Energy Generation and Efficiency: Promote renewable energy technologies and improve
    energy efficiency. Through the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program, work
    with utilities to improve the efficiency of equipment and appliances. Using the Rural Energy
    for America Program, develop additional renewable energy opportunities. Support the
    National On-Farm Energy Initiative to improve farm energy efficiency through cost-sharing
    and energy


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