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Michel A. Cavigelli

Dr. Michel Cavigelli is a Co-Director of the USDA Northeast Climate Hub, providing expertise on cropping system management and impacts on greenhouse gas emissions.

He is also a Research Soil Scientist with the USDA Agricultural Research Service at the Sustainable Agricultural Systems Lab in Beltsville, Maryland. He serves as Lead Scientist of a research project that includes evaluating the long-term impacts of organic and conventional cropping systems management on sustainability. His areas of expertise include organic and conventional cropping systems, nutrient management, and environmental and microbiological controls on soil nitrous oxide production and emissions. He received a B.A. in Biology at Oberlin College in 1984, a M.S. in Agronomy at Kansas State University in 1990, and a Ph.D. in Crop and Soil Sciences and Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Michigan State University in 1998.

Featured Work


Cavigelli, M.A., J.R. Teasdale, and A. Conklin.  2008.  Long-term agronomic performance of organic and conventional field crops in the mid-Atlantic region.  Agronomy Journal 100:785-794.

Cavigelli, M.A., S.J. Del Grosso, M.A. Liebig, C.S. Snyder, P.E. Fixen, R.T. Venterea, A.B. Leytem, J.E. McLain, and D.B. Watts.  2012. US agricultural nitrous oxide emissions: context, status, and trends.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10:537-546.

Cavigelli, M.A., S.B. Mirsky, J.R. Teasdale, J.T. Spargo, and J. Doran.  2013.  Organic grain cropping systems to enhance ecosystem services.  Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 28:145-159.

Spargo, J.T. M.A. Cavigelli, S.B. Mirsky, J.J. Meisinger, V.J. Ackroyd.  2016.  Organic supplemental nitrogen sources for field corn production after a hairy vetch cover crop. Agronomy Journal 108:1-11.

Teasdale, J.R. and M.A. Cavigelli. 2017.  Meteorological fluctuations define long-term crop yield patterns in conventional and organic production systems. Scientific Reports 7:688 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00775-8.

Cavigelli, M.A., P.R. Nash, H.T. Gollany, C. Rasmann, R.W. Polumsky, A.N. Le and A.E. Conklin. 2018. Simulated soil organic carbon changes in Maryland are affected by tillage, climate change, and crop yield. Journal of Environmental Quality 47:588-595. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0291

Bowles, T.M., M. Mooshammer, Y. Socolar, F. Calderon, M.A. Cavigelli, S.W. Culman, W. Deen, C.F. Drury, A. Garcia y Garcia, A.C.M. Gaudin, W.S. Harkcom, R.M. Lehman, S.L. Osborne, G.P. Robertson, J. Salerno, M.R. Schmer, J. Strock, and A.S. Grandy. 2020. Long-term evidence shows that crop-rotation diversification increases agricultural resilience to adverse growing conditions in North America. One Earth

White, K.E., M.A. Cavigelli and G. Bagley. 2021. Legumes and nutrient management improve phosphorus and potassium balances in long-term crop rotations. Agronomy Journal. (LCB LTAR pub) published online march 3, 2021

Michel Cavigelli


  • Co-Director, USDA Northeast Climate Hub
  • Adjunct Faculty, University of Maryland, College Park


USDA Agricultural Research Service, Sustainable Agricultural Systems Lab (SASL), USDA GRACEnet and LTAR Network, Northeast Cover Crop Council


Sustainable Agricultural Systems Lab, Building 001, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705

Phone Number



Focus Area

  • Cropping Systems Management
  • Organic Nutrient Management
  • Nitrous Oxide Emissions