Non-forested wetlands are important habitats that can also help reduce climate change impacts within watersheds. The USDA Northern Forests Climate Hub and the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science has partnered with the Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts to create climate adaptation resources specific to non-forested wetland conservation and management in the Midwest.
Effects from climate change
Wetlands are natural ecosystems that are inherently vulnerable to climate change impacts. The vulnerability of a wetland to regional climate changes is influenced by local characteristics such as soils, topography, location in the watershed, current and past land uses. Climate change will not affect all parts of a watershed in the same way. A changing climate can intensify existing stressors to wetland ecosystems and bring about changes that can affect water quality, and habitats. For instance, extreme precipitation events can trigger erosion, sedimentation and nutrient runoff to wetlands. These events can degrade water quality, and fuel the transportation and growth of non-native invasive plants and weedy native species. The use of climate vulnerability assessments for natural communities can help managers characterize and assess site risks.
Adaptation in Action
There is no single answer on how to best adapt to climate change. Specific adaptation actions will vary by location and in consideration of the magnitude of climate impacts, the capacity of the ecosystem to cope with changes, and the values and resources of local communities.
To help managers thoughtfully consider how to respond to the effects of climate change on wetland ecosystems, the USDA Northern Forests, NIACS Climate Change Response Framework and Wisconsin initiative for Climate Change Impacts (WICCI) have designed a menu of climate adaptation strategies and approaches relevant to the conservation and management of non-forested wetlands.Download the Climate Adaptation Strategies and Approaches for Conservation and Management of Non-Forested Wetlands
- The wetland menu of adaptation strategies and approaches is designed to be used within the Adaptation Workbook. This resource can help managers select from a wide variety of climate-informed approaches that can support wetland management.
- The Adaptation Workbook can be found in the US Forest Service report: Forest Adaptation Resources: Climate Change Tools and Approaches for Land Managers
- The wetland adaptation resources do not provide recommendations.
Vulnerability assessments can help land managers understand the potential effects of climate changes on ecosystems. The Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts (WICCI) has summarized climate impacts relevant to wetland ecosystems that may provide relevant insight to the management of ecosystems outside of Wisconsin. These resources can help land managers when assessing site vulnerability:
- Direct link to technical bulletins for individual natural communities (including open bog, poor fen, wet prairie, and more). External link to the WICCI Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment).
- Real-world adaptation case studies that have considered the effects of climate change in wetland conservation and management planning. External links to the Climate Change Response Framework adaptation demonstration projects: Bohn Farms, Spur Lake State Natural Area