Climate Science

Climate refers to the average meteorological conditions and patterns in a region over a long time period. These meteorological conditions include measurements such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. In other words, climate can be described as the 'average weather'. Although weather can change rapidly from day to day and can be difficult to predict, climate is much more predictable. For example, the weather where we live dictates what we wear each day, which can change dramatically from one day to the next. However, the climate influences the type of clothes we have in our closet, which is generally consistent from year to year (CCRC).

Climate science investigates the earth’s climate, incorporating many disciplines including meteorology, oceanography, physics, chemistry, ecosystem sciences, and more.

Text from the USDA Forest Service Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC)

Increasing humidity and precipitation and rising extreme temperatures are having negative impacts across the Midwest. Integrating climate adaptation into planning processes can help build adaptive capacity to increase climate resilience. The U.S. Climate Resiliency Toolkit for…

Southern pine beetles (SPB) are destructive insect pests that cause tens- to hundreds-of-millions of dollars in economic losses annually in the southeastern US. The SPB outbreaks usually start in stressed stands, but healthy trees become susceptible to attack and mortality as…

  Project Area Brix Cider Farm near Barneveld, WI is home to a two-acre high density orchard consisting of apples, cherries, pears, and plums. 90% of this farm land is for apple production and the other 10% is cherry, pear, and plum production. This orchard lies in the…

  Project Area R&G Miller & Sons Inc. operates an organic dairy in the Southern Wisconsin and Northern Illinois Drift Plain region. This area is characterized by gently sloping ground moraines, lake plains, out-wash plains, drumlin fields, end moraines, flood plains,…

2019 has proven to be an extreme year weather-wise here in the Midwest--from extreme cold in January, the Bomb Cyclone in March, and tornadoes in April to extensive rain and subsequent flooding in May and June. The Midwest states are no strangers to disaster. As we look back on…

The Environmental Law & Policy Center, in concert with the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, commissioned the following scientists and experts to produce this report to educate policymakers and the public about the significant changes affecting the Great Lakes, and the…

Engaging the Integrated Erosion Tool (IET) to define Soil Conditioning Index (SCI), understand impacts of climate on modeled cropping systems plus improve farmer profitability  The 2019 Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Liaison, Justin Mount, is working with the…

Specialty crops are an important component of the Midwest region’s rural economy with an estimated value of $1.8 billion (estimate from 2012). They are generally more sensitive to climatic stressors and require more comprehensive management compared to traditional row crops.…

The following Symposium will take place at the National Adaptation Forum on Tuesday, April 23rd from 1100-1230.   Improving Decision-Making Through Regional Collaboration Success in obtaining resilient and sustainable agroecosystems within the Midwest Region can only be…