Food Security

Food security occurs when people at all times have access to safe food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for a healthy life. Climate change will result in higher temperatures, changes in precipitation, and more extreme and variable weather, which will challenge local, regional, and global food supplies, distribution systems, and food storage systems. Climate impacts that will affect food security will be driven by both acute (e.g., fire, hurricanes) and chronic (e.g., ecological drought) events. Also, increases in atmospheric carbon will diminish the nutritional value of many agricultural crops, which may increase the demand for new and different cropping systems and can also lead to chronic malnutrition.  

 

The challenge facing a future world of 9 billion people suggests we may have to produce more food in both environmentally and socially sustainable ways that meets the food security needs of all people. Certain groups, including the urban and rural poor, are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity, which will be worsened by climate change. Additionally, a lack of food availability and first foods, in particular, can have physical, as well as mental, health impacts for indigenous and tribal communities.

Providing both food and wood, breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is an important traditional crop for many indigenous communities across the Pacific. In March 2015, Super Typhoon Maysak directly hit the Islands of the Federated States of Micronesia. On Chuuk and the outer islands…

Huckleberries are culturally and ecologically important plant species in the Northwest that are affected by climate change and land management practices. In the Northwest, the majority of huckleberry habitat is located on lands managed by the US Forest Service. Fire management…

Some people, such as minorities and those from under-educated and lower income backgrounds, are typically excluded from conversations surrounding the degradation and improvement of ecosystem structure, function, and services. Researchers at the University of the District of…

Modeling Future Perennial Crop SuitabilityAcross the Pacific West, changing climatic conditions are encouraging farmers to reconsider their management practices, including the cultivars and crops they plant. This region, stretching from Oregon to Idaho and Washington to…

2019 has proven to be an extreme year weather-wise here in the Midwest--from extreme cold in January, the Bomb Cyclone in March, and tornadoes in April to extensive rain and subsequent flooding in May and June. The Midwest states are no strangers to disaster. As we look back on…

Traditional and indigenous knowledge and perspectives have not often been recognized in climate adaptation planning efforts focused on natural resources. The Northern Forests Climate Hub is collaborating with regional tribal partners to address this gap, and collaborating to…

Dibaginjigaadeg Anishinaabe Ezhitwaad - A Tribal Climate Adaptation Menu and resources.   Climate change has impacted and will continue to impact indigenous peoples, their lifeways and culture, and the natural world upon which they rely, in unpredictable and potentially…

The Environmental Law & Policy Center, in concert with the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, commissioned the following scientists and experts to produce this report to educate policymakers and the public about the significant changes affecting the Great Lakes, and the…

It is important to continue to find ways to mitigate or adapt to climate change. One of the most effective strategies is to teach younger generations about taking care of the planet. At the University of Massachusetts (UMass), food is grown at five permaculture gardens. Yet the…