One third of all of our food comes from pollinated crops.
Because increasing temperatures impact both plants and the pollinators they rely on, climate change poses a dual threat to crop production. Shifts in dates when plants flower or pollinators are present could lead to a mismatch in timing, reduced crop pollination, and declining yields. Even a slight change in temperature can impact crop production in many ways. This, in turn, can affect pollinator survival. Pollinators are needed by many plants so they can produce fruit and seeds, and pollinators rely on plant nectar and pollen for food. Because of this delicate balance, it is important to understand how climate change affects both pollinator and plant populations.
West Virginia University (WVU) researchers are working with McConnell’s Berry Farm to study climate impacts on blueberry production. They are looking at blueberry flowering as well as interactions between bee and mite populations. In this tour, you will visit beehives at the WVU Organic Farm, a cooperators farm south of Morgantown, WV, and the WVU greenhouses.
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“Blueberries are an economically valuable crop, and they are susceptible and vulnerable to climate change. We’ve been looking at flower development, and what we’ve found is that a 2 to 4 °C increase has led to a decline in blueberry flower production.” – Sarah Mills, Graduate Student, West Virginia University
Available Resources from Blueberries, Pollinators, and Pests with WVU
HUB VIDEO INTERVIEWS
- Impacts on Bee and Mite Interactions
- Impacts on Scent and Nectar Production
- Impacts on Blueberry Production
- Impacts on Fruit Quality and Nutritional Content
- Extending the Knowledge
- Cooperating with the McConnell Berry Farm
- From Mars to a greenhouse near you: WVU team transitions robot from rover to pollinator
- Determined WVU students are first, and now only, winners of NASA robot competition
Reports + Guides
- Report on the National Stakeholders Conference on Honey Bee Health (USDA)
- Selecting Plants for Pollinators: A Regional Guide for Farmers, Land Managers, and Gardeners (Pollinator Partnership + NAPPC)
- Effect of Climate Change on Multitrophic Interactions Among Solitary Pollinator Bees, Bee Parasites, and Crops (USDA NIFA)
- Evaluating hornfaced bees as pollinators of highbush blueberry (SARE)
- Beekeeping (WVU Extension)
- What is Pollination? (U.S. Forest Service)
- The Situation (Honey Bee Health Coalition)
- Four Principles to Help Bees and Butterflies: Pollinator Conservation (Xerces Society)
- Pollinator Conservation Resource Center (Xerces Society)
- Pick-Your-Own Pointers From Expert Blueberry Grower (Growing Produce)
- Neonicotinoids, Native Pollinators, and Greenhouse Production (UMass Extension)
- Varroa Mites (Mid-Atlantic Apicultural Research and Extension Consortium)
- Krombein’s hairy-footed mite (invasive.org)
- Visit to McConnell Blueberry Farm (West Virginia Public Broadcasting)