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What is no-till farming?
In no-till farming, farmers do not till their fields before planting. Instead, they use specialized equipment to create a channel that is just spacious enough for seeds to be planted, minimizing soil disturbance. Conventional tillage can leave soil vulnerable to wind and water erosion, high temperatures, and moisture loss. No-till can minimize wind and water erosion and protect soil from high temperatures and moisture loss. In addition, organic matter from previous crops enriches the untilled soil. According to the 2017 US Census of Agriculture, no-till is used on about 15% of cultivated land in Idaho, 41% in Oregon, and 25% in Washington. No-till can also reduce annual fuel and labor costs on farms.